The benefits of solar disinfection include: proven reduction of bacteria, viruses and protozoa. acceptability to users because of the minimal cost to treat water, ease of use and minimal change in water taste.
Substances that are removed during the process of drinking water treatment include suspended solids, bacteria, algae, viruses, fungi, and minerals such as iron and manganese.
Drinking water sources are subject to contamination and require appropriate treatment to remove disease-causing agents. Public drinking water systems use various methods of water treatment to provide safe drinking water for their communities. Today, the most common steps in water treatment used by community water systems (mainly surface water treatment)